After we return from Christmas Break will be a great time to incorporate a MARS lesson. I plan to really think about how students might approach the problem and what misconceptions they might have. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Here’s How I Created a Virtual Class Library, 8 Ways to Revitalize Your School Leadership, Try a Game Strategy to Engage Kids in History, Penny Kittle: Nurturing Readers for a Lifetime, Energizing Kids’ Online Learning This Term, Talking to Our Students about the Capitol Riots, A Toolbox Packed with Practical Math Ideas, How to Teach Content Vocabulary to Our ELs, Reflection Can Help Us Revive Our Best Selves, Want Kids to Like Books? Photo credits: Kevin Jarrett, Bigstock. This interactive webinar focused on effective teaching strategies, practices and activities that engaged students in rich mathematical conversation. Student Discourse 91 CHAPTER 4 04-Gillies-45194.qxd 2/20/2007 1:15 PM Page 91. or her misunderstanding. In addition to talking, writing is an important form of discourse in mathematics (NCTM, 2014). In Mia Buljan’s 2nd grade classroom, students and teacher enter into active and productive mathematical discourse. Using evidence in discussion strengthens students’ comprehension and confidence. This article illustrates how research about mathematical discourse can be translated into practice. Model with mathematics. Begin the year by discussing what rich discourse is, the rationale for it, and answering the What’s In It for Me question by specifying ways students benefit. For more information or questions, please email Monisha Karnani at [email protected]. Mathematical Discourse: Let the Kids Talk! I have used Gallery Walks in the past, but I wanted to focus on listening closely to students’ discussions as they rotated through the “Gallery.” I found a great explanation for a gallery walk at “Gallery Walk, Math Congress and Bansho.” (Source). She received her PhD from Iowa State University in 2008 after working as a high school mathematics teacher in New York for eight years. Learn how your comment data is processed. Classroom Discussions: Using Math Talk to Help Students Learn, authored by Chapin, O’Connor, and Anderson in 2009, is one of the leading resources for promoting student engagement in rich discourse. Here, go and read through this task from Illustrative Mathematics. In the first article in this series, I introduced four “influences or actions” that come from John Hattie’s (2017) groundbreaking research. Rely more on themselves to determine whether something is mathematically correct. provides teachers with the tools they need to facilitate mathematical discourse in the 21st century classroom and create opportunities for students to think constructively, communicate effectively, and increase mathematics proficiency. https://www.middleweb.com/40270/teaching-english-in-the-middle-school-years/, Your email address will not be published. I think my attempts to multi-task have caused me to develop some bad listening habits, which has kept me from really benefiting when I try to listen to students’ discussions about math. Pay attention to the use of academic language in the task. Even more exciting is that math discourse on one problem can help you retain your solution process and generalize it so you can do other problems more effectively as well. When done in a collaborative and supportive learning environment, this can support achievement of higher order thinking skills, as required by the Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice. DC Entered Phase Two of Reopening on June 22. ... and ask useful questions to clarify or improve the arguments. They then post their solution on chart paper. Talking Math: 6 Strategies for Getting Students to Engage in Mathematical Discourse … How to Improve Mathematical Discourse in Your Classroom … Three Ways I’ve Become A Better Listener … Student Discourse Observation Protocol. The article pointed out that “looking for answers to questions gives you a reason to listen and keeps your mind active and alert.” So, before the activity, I plan to create questions that I can quickly ask myself during the course of the students’ math talk. It’s a challenging task. In classroom discussions, students work with multiple ideas and have to balance new ideas with their original conclusions. Your email address will not be published. And I do walk around and try to listen to my students as they discuss math problems and concepts. I walked from group to group and listened, I mean really listened. It dawned on me that, at the workshop, I wasn’t responsible for all the logistics that normally accompany the classroom experience. She began her career as a student teacher in middle school and has taught students from 7th to 12th grade. The Fear Of Speaking, Listening, & Mathematical Discourse. Students can make conjectures, link prior knowledge to current understanding… (If you haven’t had the chance to do a formative assessment lesson, I really recommend that you try one.) Mathematical discourse is the way students represent, think, talk, question, agree, and disagree in the classroom. The way it works is that students are given a problem, which they work on in small groups. I totally agree with you that student collaboration and discussion is key to deepening understanding in math. To adapt that suggestion for my classroom, I plan to work the problem that the students are working in advance, and do so using more than one method. Here are the academic vocabulary words I noticed students would need to understand (in an academic sense) in order to be able to do this task without any support: In this Give Them Time to Read, 9 Ways to Support Staff and Teachers Right Now, Promote Student Efficacy and Lifelong Learning, Key Insights for New and Aspiring School Leaders, Effective Questioning During Virtual Learning, Practical Wisdom for Scholar-Practitioners, Offering Student Choice Using a Menu Strategy, A Vision of Schoolwide Technology Integration, Tools to Grow Students’ Science Understanding, Powered by  - Designed with the Hueman theme. Strategies for Developing Mathematical Discourse in the Classroom Webinar The mathematics classroom required students to use a specific type of dialogue to express their conceptual understanding. (Pugalee, D. K, 2001). On the way home (it was a six-hour drive) I started thinking about why I seemed to get so much more from listening to students during this workshop than I usually do in my own classroom. There were some very good discussions. Or perhaps, what did the students learn from this activity? Although I can’t eliminate distractions in my own teaching space, I can control how I respond to them. Engaging students in effective classroom talk begins by creating a discourse-rich classroom culture. In Teach Like a Champion 2.0, Doug Lemov (2015) concludes that “the amount and quality of writing students do in your classroom are two of the most important determinants of their academic success” (p. 281). Examples of student discourse and teacher-student discussions are provided. Such questions help students: Work together to make sense of mathematics. Another strategy that I want to try is called a Gallery Walk. For example, what strategy/strategies did the student use? Academic Language in the Math Classroom. Asking better questions can open new doors for students, helping to promote mathematical thinking and encouraging classroom discourse. Thank you for your comment! Academic discussions, precise language, and the ability to communicate multiple approaches to solving problems are the foundation of mathematical thinking. Unfortunately, high-quality diversity training is not universally available. To increase mathematical discourse, we should start by creating an environment in which students are able to have discussions with peers and practice both using academic, mathematical … By the time I got home, I was really determined to make it a regular habit to encourage math talk, so I decided to do some research. the perspectives, ideas, and mathematical arguments of others … Thank you for bringing attention to the importance of listening to students as they communicate about mathematics! “9 Listening Strategies that Develop Active Listeners” suggested that making predictions as to what would be said would increase listening skills. To listen well is as powerful a means of influence as to talk well and is as essential to all true conversation. I have always known that it is helpful to the students to talk with their peers about math. Talking about mathematical concepts allows students to reflect on their own understanding while making sense of and critiquing the ideas of others. This helps others gain in the understanding or in helping to “clear up” a misconception. Expect students to justify answers. Is it part... As a teacher I always enjoyed explaining the why, to the... Hi! Cirillo’s primary research interests include the teaching of disciplinary practices (e.g., mathematical proof and modeling), classroom discourse, and teachers’ use of … This is great – I am always eavesdropping on my student discussions. Students critique their own, and others, ideas to seek efficient mathematical solutions, Involves asking strategic questions on how a problem is solved and a particular method used. The discourse in the mathematics classroom gives students oppor- tunities to share ideas and clarify understandings, construct convincing arguments regarding why and how things work, develop a language for expressing mathematical ideas, and learn to see things from other perspectives (NCTM 1991, 2000). I like the idea of the "Waiting room". I know I need to continue to hone and improve my listening skills and make the effort to implement activities that encourage math talk. View the Guidance. increasing mathematical discourse in the classroom effect number sense in first grade students. Students also learn to engage in mathematical reasoning and debate. In addition, Webb and colleagues have argued that the help received is beneficial only if the student requesting it understands the explanation given and … Both of these articles are written with a student focus, but they can be easily adapted for use by teachers. Using chat to check for understanding: After giving lessons last spring, Paul France had his third … Michelle Russell (@michel1erussel1) is a math teacher at Florence (AL) High School. With your goals in mind, you can plan out how to follow the discourse practices. I found the following articles to be helpful: Training the Brain to Listen: A Practical Strategy for Student Learning and Classroom Management and 9 Listening Strategies that Develop Active Listeners. 2.) To successfully engage students in mathematical discourse teachers need to foster community in the classroom, help students feel safe expressing ideas, and demonstrate that math … I created a “Waiting Room” for my students. Great suggestions! To a degree, multi-tasking is unavoidable for teachers, but I can certainly make the effort to improve my listening skills. For the past 13 years, she's taught high school math, including Algebra IB, Algebraic Connections, Pre-Calculus, AP Statistics, Algebra with Finance, and Algebra 2 with Trigonometry. In practice, I do find it easier to focus when taking short notes. It has been amazing to see what they write and how well they understand each concept. I put students in groups of 2 or 3 and asked them to discuss and answer multiple choice questions. DC Entered Phase Two of Reopening on June 22. Read Mayor Bowser’s Presentation from the Situational Update: January 15. Turns out, just listening, really listening, to students provided me with some great formative assessment. When they didn’t get the right answer, it helped me understand what their misconceptions were. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Asking better questions can open doors for students, promoting mathematical thinking and discourse. See ideas in MORE ABOUT WRITING (2019) that was reviewed last month here on MIDDLE WEB. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. In her free time, she enjoys reading books about math education and following other teachers on Twitter. I think math talk helps students solidify their thinking, make connections, and remember what they have learned. I am looking at Properties of Exponents (8th grade). Michelle, thanks for sharing ways to conduct formative assessment in ways that don’t require creating, administering, and correcting quizzes! Question-writing is also useful. Current research by Parrish (2014) and Smith Another means of communication that we are working on to deepen understanding is writing in mathematics. In the coming months I plan to spend more time listening and providing students with an opportunity to talk to each other. Thanks so much for sharing this post with me! The mathematics classroom required students to use a specific type of dialogue to express their conceptual understanding. View the Guidance. A few weeks ago I led a study session to help students prepare for an AP exam. I didn’t have to take attendance, I didn’t have to answer the intercom or check my email for a list of students who would be on a field trip. As students work with a partner to match equivalent expressions, the teacher is instructed to “note different student approaches to the task and to support student problem solving.” The teachers are further instructed to “listen to…students carefully.” (Source) I’m excited to try this lesson, with renewed attention to listening and the goal of formatively assessing my students’ understanding. Through the lesson activities, students also sharpen their skills in mathematical reasoning and debate. Thank you sooooo Much! Classroom discussions are a perfect place to develop students’ ability to use textual evidence. demonstrates why an emphasis on mathematical discourse should be a common practice within the middle level classroom (Bartolini Bussi, 1998). Mathematical classroom discourse is about whole-class discussions in which students talk about mathematics in such a way that they reveal their understanding of concepts. If anyone has any suggestions for how to promote good student math discussions, or tips for being a better listener, please share! Published 12/10/2017. I was looking for some specific information: 1.) Discourse requires students to evaluate and interpret . In my own classroom my attention is divided. Share this: How I can become a better listener and actually focus on what my students are saying. The literature reviewed explores different ways to increase mathematical discourse to improve student learning in a primary classroom. Classroom discourse can be a central element of acquiring mathematical … Communication provides opportunities for students to analyze and evaluate their mathematical thinking and strategies of others. I learned so much! Definition• Mathematical discourse is a teaching approach that engages students in discussion about math in a manner that articulate their understanding of concepts. 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