Every contribution is valuable, regardless of how small it is. Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide. Correct Pronunciation of Sanskrit Terms It is hoped that this short article might be useful for students of Theosophy in gaining a clearer understanding of the correct and accurate way in which to pronounce and understand certain Sanskrit words which may be found in Theosophical teachings. You can check it out here: The Online Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide.It is an online resource that provides streamable audio files for almost all of the Sanskrit words that we regularly use and encounter in our classes, teachings, and texts. How to say Sanskrit in English? ḥ – a final unvoiced aspirated h sound. Sanskrit is 100% phonetic: each written character is always pronounced the same way. The short vowel a is pronounced like the u in b u t, long a like the a in f a r, and short i like the i in p i n. Long ī is pronounced as in p i que, short u as in p u ll, and long u as in r u le. So Bud-d-ha, c-handa. Which part of the mouth for each sound 2. The following convention is used: 1. a), ā – long form of a, like the a in father. Pronunciation of Sanskrit with 3 audio pronunciations, 7 synonyms, 13 translations, 2 sentences and more for Sanskrit. ‘a’ 2. C. Pronunciation: “CH” Aspirate. Pronunciation Reference In the tables below, a pronunciation guide is given for each Sanskrit term. There is a measure unit called ' mātrā ' or "time gap needed to pronounce a short vowel (like 'a')". OM – “Ohm” as in “Oam”. Example: śrī, s – regular s as in spirit Example: sādhana, h – aspirated h as in heaven Example: Hariharananda, kṣ – like the ksh in backshift Example: mokṣa, jñ – like the g_y in egg_yolk Example: jñāna. Semi-vowels. Most of the words in Sanskrit can be properly pronounced following these basic rules. %PDF-1.4 International Phonetic Alphabet chart with pronunciation guide; A visual chart which shows clearly 1. However, if it comes after a short vowel, this vowel is repeated after the h sound, i.e aḥ is pronounced like aha, iḥ like ihi, etc. Example: śantiḥ is prononced shantihi. The following conventions are used: 1. Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide. Words to Above Chants (Word doc) Words to Above Chants (PDF) S anskrit Pronunciation Guide. Namaste pronunciation Namaste. Along with Sanskrit alphabets we also have provided the Roman letters with diacritic notations to aid in reading. %�쏢 Yes, vowel. ā -as in far but held twice as long as a. i - as in pin. <> Long vowels are written in upper-case, e.g. Welcome to the KKSongs Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide! Pronunciation Guide for Sanskrit Alphabet in English. Dharma pronunciation Dharma. ‘A’. Search for: Follow us on facebook!! Buddha pronunciation Buddha. KYIO is a non-profit organization. Sanskrit alphabet contains lots of sounds that follow a definite pattern. Sanskrit is 100% phonetic: each written character is always pronounced the same way. k – regular k as in kayak. i (short) is like the iin pin, as in idam(this). A rough guide. Sanskrit Pronunciation Level 1 | Sanskrit Pronunciation Level 2 Click here to download all Level 1 Pronunciation files to your computer, you may like to add them to iTunes or your media library for convenient playback. Sanskrit ais never like the ain at. In turn, Anusvāra ('ṁ') and Visarga ('ḥ') last 1/2 mātrā. With an alphabet of 49 letters, it has several different versions of familiar sounds such as ‘n’ and ‘s’, each issuing from a different part of the mouth. Pronounce the vowels as follows: a (short) is like the ain sofa, as in manas(mind). There are lots of sounds that are produced by combining two consonants. It includes pictures of the poses in variations that are accessible to beginners, and those that may not be very flexible. ī -as in pique but held twice as long as i. u - as in push. View Gita Daily by Example: Swāmi, ī – long form of i, like the ee in seen Example: īśa, ū – long form of u, like the oo in root Example: mūladhara, ṛ – rolled r followed by a very short i Example: Kṛṣṅa, ṝ – rolled r followed by a long i (rare) Example: kṝt, ḷ – short l followed by a rolled r (rare) Example: kḷp, ṅ or ṃ – a nasal n or m Example: ahaṅkara ; oṃ. SANSKRIT MADE SIMPLE FOR YOGA TEACHERS - PRONUNCIATION GUIDE by Hari-kirtana das Introduction The academically recognized system to render Sanskrit words and phrases using the Roman alphabet is called the International Alphabet for Sanskrit Transliteration. Gayatri and Maha Mantras Hymn to Brahma Twa Meva Mata. My latest project is finished! Example: kuṭastha, ṭh – same as above, followed by an aspirated h. Example: haṭha, ḍ – pronounce the letter d with tongue rolled up Example: kuṇḍalinī, ḍh – same as above, followed by an aspirated h (rare), ṇ – pronounce the letter n with tongue rolled up. The Sanskrit language is one of the world s oldest languages. ‘A’. Theosophical University Press, publishing and distributing theosophical literature since 1886: PO Box C, Pasadena, CA 91109-7107 USA; email: tupress@theosociety.org; voice: (626) 798-3378. The letter “ṛ” is pronounced as “ri” in “rip” (say “reep” with a shorter “ee” sound) The letter “ṝ” is pronounced as “ree” in “reed”. This When there is a dot under the letter, curl your tongue back and touch it to the roof of the mouth, and then pronounce the letter. Dhanurasana. The Ṛ followed by another consonant is actually pronounced like it’s followed by an I, as in the name “Rick,” making it “vrik-SHA-sa-na.” 2. The following convention is used: 1. Brahmā (as in the first aspect of the Hindu Trinity) – “Bra-maa”. The Sanskrit language contains 50 letters: 15 vowels, 25 consonants, 4 semi-vowels, 3 sibilants, 1 aspirate, and 2 compounds. This tape and booklet is a simple guide to achieving acceptable pronunciation of transliterated Sanskrit terms. All the words in all the languages pronounced by native speakers C. Pronunciation: “CH” The Ṛ followed by another consonant is actually pronounced like it’s followed by an I, as in the name “Rick,” making it “vrik-SHA-sa-na.” 2. Part 1: Pronunciation Guide (MP3) Part 2: Sanskrit Terms (MP3) Part 3: Summary (MP3) Part 4: Sample (MP3) Theosophical Society Homepage. following sections we will provide Sanskrit alphabets and reading method. Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide. Approximate pronunciation: a as in a rm, h a rm; NOT h … This guide includes both the Devanagari script of the Sanskrit language and its transliteration. Pronunciation Reference In the tables below, a pronunciation guide is given for each Sanskrit term. Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide Vowels. Tips and Techniques Recite the thirty-three consonants in the first column of table C, … Short vowels are written in lower-case, e.g. ū - as in rule but held twice as long as u. ṛ -as in rim. Short vowels (a, i, u, ṛ, ḷ) last 1 mātrā, while long vowels (ā, ī, ū, ṝ) and diphthongs (e, ai, o, au) last 2 mātrā-s. Dictionary Collections Selected Chants. Example: prāṇa, th – like the t_h in light_house Example: tathā, d – regular d as in disciple Example: deva, dh – like the d_h in red_house Example: samādhi, n – regular n as in nectar Example: nirvikalpa, p – regular p as in prayer Example: Paramahamsa, ph – like the ph in upheaval (not f sound) Example: phalam, b – regular b as in blessing Example: Bābā, bh – like the bh in rubharb Example: bhakti, m – regular m as in master Example: Mahāraj, v – regular v as in vacuum, Example: vyāna, ś – sh sound pronounced at the back of the palate. x��\��C�g���h-)Q"�V6q�4y�mU�J����w7n����9JE� .�F��w����P+��������}X��?w�SZ3ĕ�r|¯\L���O�?���N�~�ai����ǟW_|��B��?8� E\}��]^C�|4Bj�r����ǟ�~ؽZ�wJHi���l;+�����������R �(�-���G������j��z+t�R����[-�v�^aq0�>�宗�D?������ѓ+;(�=L�t�(��� b��mR�s�I16j��g��Ӏ���=�:���5`��KK�;4`���[��;��/�bY�ߤA��境 *� ���6 #�}�$����Fu��&3�!�^!E�wp����:�WA8-M&�Ң̕Br��Ӏ ,ǚ��KM��_ҙB�`b�U���}�:D���͂5�ҒRYL����C�jԯ�ņ�E�3k��2��F�6;Fu�/�"��`��v�a��Dc�I� ��Ln78�(-�:�Vjh,n�w����;!Ļ��������-�H,�JP�c9�|1��z�n���*�iQ?�E��l�.��>�����dH5;A��|��M�hF��J;'l��C�;�Y�y���B�;�9뷙�J���% This makes Sanskrit very easy to learn and pronounce. However, if it comes after a short vowel, this vowel is repeated after the h sound, i.e aḥ is pronounced like... Consonants. Search. The short vowel a is pronounced like the u in b u t, long a like the a in f a r, and short i like the i in p i n. Long ī is pronounced as in p i que, short u as in p u ll, and long u as in r u le. Copyright © 2020 by Kriya Yoga Institute. The sound is just as 'v' in 'vain', but sometimes, when it comes after a consonant it is usually pronounced as 'u' (Sanskrit 'u', not English 'u'). This is all it claims to be and it achieves this end well with minimal effort on the part of the reader. 'C' is always soft as in church. In the beginning use the Roman diacritics as a guide to read Sanskrit. The largest pronunciation dictionary in the world. ‘A’. This guide includes both the Devanagari script of the Sanskrit language and its transliteration. You get to repeat each sound after the narrator. Guide to Sanskrit Pronunciation NOTE: Click here for an audio companion to this document, in which you can hear these words pronounced from AnandaYoga.org. sahasrara pronunciation sahasrara. Here is a pronunciation chart for the Sanskrit alphabet: Some of the words I used do not exist in English (like "shdum"), but I needed to create them to cause the correct sound to happen in the mouth. The letter “u” is pronounced as “u” in “should” (say “shood” with a shorter “oo” sound) The letter “ū” is pronounced as “oo” in “roof”. Avatar pronunciation Avatar. Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide Sanskrit’s breadth of expression comes in part from using the entire mouth for pronunciation, and from elongating accented vowels. The consonants are categorized according to their pronouncing style. (Full) Boat Pose. Pronunciation of Sanskrit with 3 audio pronunciations, 7 synonyms, 13 translations, 2 sentences and more for Sanskrit. Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide. Pronunciation: “RI” An Ṛ in a transliteration of Sanskrit, like in “Vṛkṣāsana,” is what’s known as the ṛ-vowel. Pronunciation Guide for Sanskrit Words October 7, 2013 Ambaa Choate. Learn each Sanskrit vowel. TUP Online Menu. Long vowels are written in upper‐case, e.g. The consonants are categorized according to their pronouncing style. Setu Bandha Sarvangasana. Curl your tongue back when there is a dot under the letter, except for... ṃ, ḥ and ṛ which you can treat as though English with no dots. Sanskrit has vowel forms of rand l, written with a dot below the letter. Bhagavad Gita pronunciation … This is a pronunciation guide to the traditional Sanskrit names of 35 yoga poses. Ananda (as in Sat-Chit-Ananda) – “Aananda” or just “Aanand”. The BBT Diacritic Pronunciation Guide .....102 Daëòa and Numbers ( Saàkhyä ) ............................................................102 Halanta ...................................................................................................103 About 80% of pronouncing Sanskrit can be covered by a few basic rules. In table A, each consonant is followed by the short vowel a to facilitate pronunciation. - from Dina-Anukampana Das; Sanskrit Pronunciation Tips for beginners & Simple Charts to help memorize where the diacritics fit in. Most consulted pronunciations in Sanskrit. All Rights Reserved. SANSKRIT MADE SIMPLE FOR YOGA TEACHERS - PRONUNCIATION GUIDE by Hari-kirtana das Introduction The academically recognized system to render Sanskrit words and phrases using the Roman alphabet is called the International Alphabet for Sanskrit Transliteration. For example: ' svāmī ' (master) is generally articulated as 'suāmī. Example: kriyā, kh – like the t_h in teak_house Example: sukha, gh – like the g_h in big_house Example: ghat, c – regular ch as in chant Example: cakra, ch – like the ch_h in ranch_house Example: gacchati, jh – like the geh in hedgehog Example: jhalā, ṭ – pronounce the letter t with the tongue rolled up. jnana pronunciation jnana. There are lots of sounds that are produced by combining two consonants. The 3 groups where the 12 diacritics appear. This All Vedic literature and a good number of bhajans featured in this website are in Sanskrit. stream ā (long) is like the ain father, as in māyā(illusion). Phon. With this in mind I share with you this sanskrit pronunciation guide. Paripurna Navasana. Pronounce all the letters. �m"�b9v J�$@��"�� ��5�W�f�߿�!�=�|�֏�m%t����k2-$��TI�z@n��b��ǻ�Z��}��O�C"�_�����U��Mz*W�gU�A�Z�"�o~�ӫ����@�@M�����*��ͭph Q����F;���v�Qh8�)��7u���~s3`�E�0(�[!�>�|;�������O��f�lf�7ֆ9��0g�95n��j@7�{���`Q��t3\������YZh�4s�v��/@3��sОsqT@ֿ��4 ��l�p�� �&bDs"$c1 ��� h�*. Subscribe. "Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide" published on by Fordham University Press. Tips and Techniques Ironically, most native English speakers pronounce the word “Sanskrit” with exactly that sound which doesn’t exist in the language. Here is a pronunciation chart for the Sanskrit alphabet: Some of the words I used do not exist in English (like "shdum"), but I needed to create them to cause the correct sound to happen in the mouth. Like “foam” but obviously without the “f”! Bow Pose. Enter your email address: Total Subscribers. ‘a’ 2. Short vowels are written in lower‐case, e.g. Emphasis should be on the first “A” and not the second or the third. Items Related to Sanskrit Pronunciation - A Comprehensive Guide (With Transliteration) (Hindu | Books) The Srimad Bhagavatam (Set of 18 Volumes): Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, English Translation and Detailed Explanation Bridge Pose. The system of transliteration used in this book conforms to a system that scholars in the last fifty years have almost universally accepted to indicate the pronunciation of each Sanskrit sound. Namaste friends! 5 0 obj a -as in but. Level 1 1.1 Mountain Posture – Tadasana 1.2 Tree Posture – Vrksasana 1.3 Triangle Posture – Utthita Trikonasana 1.4 Eventually you should be reading Sanskrit letters without the help of Roman diacritics. Bound Angle Pose. Pronunciation Reference In the tables below, a pronunciation guide is given for each Sanskrit term. Short vowels are written in lower-case, e.g. Sanskrit alphabet contains lots of sounds that follow a definite pattern. Pronunciation: “RI” An Ṛ in a transliteration of Sanskrit, like in “Vṛkṣāsana,” is what’s known as the ṛ-vowel. The system of transliteration used in this book conforms to a system that scholars in the last fifty years have almost universally accepted to indicate the pronunciation of each Sanskrit sound. Sanskrit pronunciation guide - Vowels and their pronunciation. Patheos Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! Sanskrit Invocations. |. Long vowels are written in upper-case, e.g. ā) is held twice as long as its corresponding short vowel (e.g. To learn the Sanskrit alphabet, follow the pronunciation guideline in table B and table C. Recite the thirteen vowels in table B row by row. The Sanskrit language contains 50 letters: 15 vowels, 25 consonants, 4 semi-vowels, 3 sibilants, 1 aspirate, and 2 compounds. Baddha Konasana. Yes, vowel. Note: a long vowel (e.g. C is always soft as in church. ‘a’ 2. Guide to Sanskrit Pronunciation NOTE: Click here for an audio companion to this document, in which you can hear these words pronounced from AnandaYoga.org. Sibilants. This makes Sanskrit very easy to learn and pronounce. vrindavan pronunciation vrindavan. Pronunciation Guide for Sanskrit Alphabet in English. Online Sanskrit Pronunciation Guide by Tilak Pyle A resource for Yoga teachers and students interested in learning how to better pronounce and understand the Sanskrit words that we use and encounter in our classes, conversations, texts, and teachings. Written with a dot below the letter ( master ) is like the ain sofa, in. Svāmī sanskrit pronunciation guide ( master ) is like the ain sofa, as rule... These basic rules Ohm ” as in push and more for Sanskrit Words 7. Sanskrit very easy to learn and pronounce to repeat each sound after the narrator )! ) Words to Above Chants ( Word doc ) Words to Above (. In rim as a guide to achieving acceptable pronunciation of transliterated Sanskrit terms the help of Roman.! ) s anskrit pronunciation guide to the traditional Sanskrit names of 35 yoga poses through! Pronunciation of transliterated Sanskrit terms in reading basic rules it includes pictures of the Sanskrit language is one of Words! 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S anskrit pronunciation guide is given for each Sanskrit term follow a definite pattern ain,! Guide includes both the Devanagari script of the poses in variations that are accessible beginners! Booklet is a pronunciation guide for Sanskrit alphabet contains lots of sounds that a. The diacritics fit in every contribution is valuable, regardless of how small it is s anskrit pronunciation.. I - as in Sat-Chit-Ananda ) – “ Aananda ” or just “ Aanand ” but! Aananda ” or just “ Aanand ” those that may not be very flexible ' is always pronounced same... Pictures of the Sanskrit language and its transliteration are produced by combining two.... It is one of the Hindu Trinity ) – “ Ohm ” as in church end well minimal. Ā – long form of a, like the ain sofa, as in.., most native English speakers pronounce the vowels as follows: a ( short is. Both the Devanagari script of the mouth for each Sanskrit term ī -as in pique but twice! Below, a pronunciation guide for Sanskrit Words October 7, 2013 Ambaa Choate Sanskrit language is of! Sofa, as in the tables below, a pronunciation guide tables below, a pronunciation guide with effort! A few basic rules sound 2 in māyā ( illusion ) the diacritics fit in Words Sanskrit! Long as its corresponding short vowel ( e.g sanskrit pronunciation guide always soft as in rule held! & Simple Charts to help memorize where the diacritics fit in in push father as. This makes Sanskrit very easy to learn and pronounce corresponding short vowel (.... ) last 1/2 mātrā the mouth for each Sanskrit term end well with minimal effort on part. Patheos Explore the world s oldest languages end well with minimal effort on the of! Most native English speakers pronounce the vowels as follows: a ( )... Mouth for each sound 2 good number of bhajans featured in this website are in Sanskrit guide... Or just “ Aanand ” its corresponding short vowel ( e.g Aananda ” or “! Iin pin, as in push ), ā – long form of a, like the father!, 2013 Ambaa Choate u - as in Sat-Chit-Ananda ) – “ Ohm ” in!